Prospero Alpino a renowned Italian Botanist of early seventeenth century Plumier introduced Genus Apinina.
Basically the term Galangal is deduced from the Arabic Khalanjan most probably the early version of 'mild-ginger' in Chinese word meaning.
In Europe the drug has been recognized for seven centuries longer before its botanical origination however got its real value after 1870 when samples were analyzed and found in utmost south of China called Tung-Sai and further just opposite on island of Hainan. The Herb was known as Alpinia officinarm as lesser galangal source.
Java is the native place for Greater Galangal named A. Galanga or Maranta Galanga that are pretty larger in size and can be identified by its orange-brown colour, feebler taste and smell. Occasionally it can be found in London drug sale but barely used. It is also similitude to A. calcarata. The leaves being long instead narrow bladed the herb spring up to a height of approximately 5 feet and flowers with curious formation grows simple with terminal spike and white petals along with deep red-veining which separate the lip petal.
Uses of Galangal Oil
Galangal can be used to get rid from maladies like flatulence, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and motion sickness. It can also be used to cure fevers, colds, cough, sore throat, bronchitis, infection, rheumatism, and liver and gallbladder complaints. Beside aforesaid uses it acts as antibacterial and antispasmodic and used to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis. It has pungent and spicy flavors; it can be used as spice and perfume. It works as a stimulant in homeopathic medicine.