Family - Myristicaceae, Synonyms - Myristica (oil), Mace (husk), Macis (oil)
Herbal/Folk Tradition - Widely used as domestic spices and have been used for centuries as a remedy mainly for digestive and kidney problems. Current in the British Herbal Pharmacopeia for flatulent dyspepsia, nausea, diarrhea, dysentery, rheumatism.
Aromatherapy/Home Use -- Large quantities are hallucinogenic and excitant to the motor cortex. Nutmeg is probably safer to use than mace. Use in moderation and with care in pregnancy. Circulation, muscles and joints - arthritis, gout, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, rheumatism.Digestive System - flatulence, indigestion, nausea, sluggish digestion. Immune System - bacterial infection. Nervous System - frigidity, impotence, neuralgia, nervous fatigue.
Other Uses - flavoring agent especially analgesic and tonic preparations. Soaps, lotions, detergents, cosmetics, perfumes. Mace oleoresin used in colognes, perfumes, Both oils and oleoresin are used in most major food categories.
Distribution - native to the Moluccas, cultivated in Sri Lanka, West Indies, Granada.
Extraction - essential oil by steam (or water) from : 1. dried worm-eaten nutmeg seed, 2. dried orange-brown aril or husk - mace 3. oleoresin by solvent extraction from mace
Characteristics - 1. water-white or pale yellow, mobile liquid with a sweet, warm-spicy odor and a terpeney top note. 2. water-white or pale yellow mobile liquid with a sweet, warm-spicy scent. 3. orange-brown viscous liquid with a fresh, spicy-warm, balsamic fragrance. Has good masking power. Blend well with oakmoss, lavandin, bay leaf, peru balsam, orange, geranium, clary sage, rosemary, lime, petigrain, mandarin, coriander and other spice oils.
Actions - analgesic, anti-emetic, antiseptic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, emmenagogue, gastric secretory stimulant, larvicidal, prostglandin
Safety Data - Nutmeg and mace are generally non toxic, non irritant and non-sensitizing. However, used in large doses they show signs of toxicity such as nausea, stupor and tachycardia.