Chemical Name: Bicyclo [3.1.0] Hexane, 4-Methylene-1-(1-Methylethyl) ]
Chemical Formula: C10H16
Molecular Weight: 136.24
Odor: Woody- Herbaceous and Spicy
Specific gravity:0.840 to 0.846 AT 250C
Refractive Index: 1.463 to 1.469 AT 200C
Sabinene is a bicyclic monoterpene which is seen in many plants like the Norway spruce, black pepper and myristica fragrans which is an evergreen native to the Spice Islands, Moluccas. The seeds of Myristica fragrans are most important source for nutmeg in the world. Sabene exists as +(positive) and – (negative) enantiomers. The chemical formula of Sabinene is C10H16 and molecular weight is 136.2340. The other names of Sabinene are 1-Isopropyl-4-methylenebicyclo [3.1.0] hexane; 4(10)-Thujene; Sabinen; Sabinene; (+)-Sabinene; THUJENE, 4(10)-; NSC 407278; Sabinene (β-Thujene); 4-thujene; 1-isopropyl-4-methylenebicyclo [3.1.0] hexane (sabinene); thuj-4(10)-ene. Sabinene is accrued limitedly in natural organisms and is tried and experimented as a possible constituent for the next generation of aircraft fuels. Sicentist all over the world are trying to develop biosysthetic routes for the production of Sabinene from renewable sugar.
This terpene has a large and varied class of organic compounds. Terpenes are resultant from head to tail condensation of dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) and isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), and traditionally used in flavorings, fragrances; medicines and fine chemicals which have the potentials to serve as advanced bio-fuel predecessor. The studies in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology enhance the engineering of microbes to make advanced bio-fuels. Advanced fuel has become popular all over the world and with the demand rising high terpene based advance fuels attract more people all over the world. Terepens are mainly produced by a variety of plants and are also generated from the common precursors, IPP and DMAPP, which can be produced from the methylerythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway or the mevalonate (MVA) pathway.
Spiciness to black pepper
Sabinene is a perfume additive apart from being explored as next generation aircraft fuel. It contributes to the spiciness of black pepper and is also the main component in carrot seed oil. Its presence is there in low quantity in tea tree oil also. Sabinene is extracted from plants and since the content is low in the plants it requires considerable expenditure of natural resources. Sabinene is found in the culture of andophytic Phomopsis sp. as a component of its volatile organic compound but a lot of work need to be done for microbial production method because of the low tilter in the mixture. Finding efficient and cheap carbon source for sabinene production is the key because the source of carbon is the main feedstock in most fermentation media