Sesame Seed Oil
Botanical Name: Sesamum indicum
Family Name: Pedaliaceae
Common Name: Sesame, Teel oil, Benne oil
Part used: Seeds
Specific Gravity: 0.916 – 0.921 at 25 °C
Optical Rotation: +1 to +9 degrees
Refractive Index: 1.4650 – 1.4665
Blends well with: Olive, Jojoba, Marjoram
Uses: This oil is widely used in cooking since it is rich in vitamin E.
This oil is used to cure tooth problems and gum diseases.
Countries where it's found
This sesame plant is a native of tropical countries. It is widely available in the Indian subcontinent and in fact India is one of the biggest producers of sesame oil in the world along with China and Myanmar. Variants of the plant are also found in parts of Africa.
The best characteristic of the Sesame is that it is drought tolerant. It can survive and grow in the regions that lacks in rainfall and that is where it scores over most other plants and vegetables. It gained popularity in the arid North African as well as West Asian regions for the same reason. It prefers warm weather and at least three to four months of frost free period is required for a good harvest.
History of the Plant
Sesame oil has a long history and it is probably the oldest oil seed cultivated by human beings. The evidences suggest that it has been cultivated by the ancient civilizations for more than 5000 years. While the wild varieties of the plant are available in the sub-Saharan Africa, the cultivated and domesticated variety of the oil has originated in India. Apart from India, it was used by other major civilizations of the ancient world including the Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Assyrians and Babylonians.
The oil is extracted from the seeds using various types of mechanical presses.
Commonly known Benefits
Sesame Oil is used as cooking oil in Southern India. The vitamins and minerals in the oil also make it useful in several medicinal purposes and are supposed to be good for internal organs such as liver and kidney and also good in cholesterol control. Apart from culinary usage, there are several health benefits of sesame oil,