Avocado oil is extracted from the avocado fruit which is gown on a tree with scientific name Persea Americana. The tree is a native of Mexico and it is a tree classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. Studies show evidence that avocado was present in Peru as long as 8000 to 15000 years ago. Avocado which is also called alligator pear is mentioned to the tree’s fruit which is a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocados are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates all round the world. The fruits have a green-skinned fleshy body which appear pear shaped, egg-shaped or spherical. The fruit ripen after harvesting and the trees are partially self-pollinating and people often propagate it through grafting to get a good quality and quantity of the fruit.
The tree grows to 20m with alternately arranged leaves 12-25cn in length. The flowers of avocado are inconspicuous, greenish yellow and 5 to 10 mm wide. The pear shaped fruit is 7 to 20 cm long and weighs between 100 and 1000 g and it has large central seed 5-6.4 cm long. In botanical terms avocado fruit is defines as a single seeded berry because of the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed, rather than a drupe. Avocado needs a climate without frost and with little wind. High winds reduce the humidity, dehydrate the flowers and affect pollination. Avocado tree need well aerated soils more than 1m deep and it is available in southern and eastern Spain, Portugal, Morocco, South Africa and many other countries.
The oil which is used for cooking and medicinal purposes is pressed from the fruit and used in many ways. As cooking oil it is very much in demand because of the very high smoke point which 520 degree F for unrefined oil. It is very difficult to compromise or neutralise most of the chemicals and nutrients and because of this it is considered health even when frying food in this oil. It provides monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats to the body and this is the good form of cholesterol. Apart from this there are many other health benefits related to avocado oil which is the high level of vitamin A, thiamine, folate and riboflavin and many other antioxidant compounds.
Avocado oil can be used in place of other oil which you regularly use and can be used in homemade dressing, you can drizzle it on a sandwich, toss vegetables in avocado oil for roasting or it can be used in sautéed dishes. Avocado oil is ideal for the beauty treatment for hair and skin. Cold pressed avocado oil is the best source of monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid. It is ideal for hydrating and softening the skin and is also recommended for treatment of acne and blackhead, eczema and many other forms of skin inflammation. Avocado oil can be used in place of your under eye cream unlike other oils and is also good for gentle skin around the eyes. It helps to reduce fine lines and wrinkles and does not leave a greasy feel on the surface of the skin. Avocado is easily absorbed by the skin so it works well as the perfect moisturiser for you.
More than 70% of the avocado oil is oleic acid which is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. Apart from this avocado oil is about 16% saturated fatty acid and 14% polyunsaturated acid. In short avocado oil is as solid as olive oil with a better taste profile. Avocado oil provide an unbelievable boost to the overall health like heart health, optimising nutrient uptake, stimulating growth and repair, treating arthritis, recuperating oral hygiene, eradicating inflammation, helping in weight loss regimes, protecting eye sight, defending the body against cancer and decreasing risk of birth effects. There are some side effects to avocado oil if it is not consumed in the prescribed dosage. When consumed in high amounts there can be side effects or if you have any kind of allergy to avocados. The side effects include topical inflammation or gastrointestinal problems, nausea and vomiting. But avocado oil can actually be one of the healthiest oils to add to the daily or weekly intake.
Avocado oil is often used by people when they are suffering from high blood pressure, skin conditions, chronic disease, oxidative stress, obesity, high cholesterol, arthritis, gingivitis, poor vision, inflammatory issues and nutrient deficiencies and also people who are at high risk of developing cancer. Avocado oil contains high levels of vitamin E in it and other potent antioxidants and this makes the oil ideal for clearing up skin conditions. The vitamin E have some antioxidant effects which helps in stimulating the growth of new cells, protecting the skin against infections, reducing inflammatory problems like eczema and rosacea and improving the appearance and youthfulness of the skin.
Reduce Oxidative Stress
Phytosterols and carotenoids which are found in the oil along with the mono and polyunsaturated help reduce oxidative stress by neutralising free radicals. The free radicals present in the body causes cellular mutation and even lead to cancer but some of the extracts in avocado oil can reduce or prevent tumour formation. By consuming avocado oil you can actually boost the heart health by lowering blood pressure. Avocado oil can affect hormone response in the kidneys which is turn keep blood pressure low. This can protect you against health conditions like atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular complications including heart ailments. Carotenoids which is present in avocado oil will convert into vitamin A inside the body and then it act as an antioxidant, removing oxidative stress and lowering the chances of chronic disease. Vitamin A is linked with eye sight and vision health and it can help eliminate macular degeneration and slow down the development of cataracts.
Avocado oil have monounsaturated fats in the anti-inflammatory capacity in the body and it helps the cholesterol balance and soothe tissue inflammation in blood vessels, arteries, muscles, joints and each and every part of the body. This property of avocado oil is particularly important for people suffering from arthritis. Avocado oil improves the lipid profile in the body and introduces many good fats, less deposition will occur, leading to extra energy and less adipose tissue. This also speeds up the weight loss process when combined with exercise and all-inclusive healthy diet. Avocado oil effectively absorbs as many nutrients from your food and helps to improve your body’s ability to absorb carotenoids. Carotenoids are antioxidants with good impact on the health and the high monounsaturated fat content increases the bioavailability of these carotenoids which is present in this oil.
Avocado oil protects your teeth, gums and oral tissues and it can block the release of inflammatory compounds called cytokines. By preventing this kind of inflammation the oil will keep the teeth and gums healthy and strong. Avocado oil has a remarkable range of nutrients and compounds like vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin D and also magnesium, beta-sitosterol, many monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The high levels of vitamin A, E and D provide many major benefits and these vitamins can act as antioxidants and have a range of function in the body. Magnesium is also very effective for bone health and balancing neurotransmitter levels.
The fatty acids present in the avocado oil gives us the real benefits. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are good anti-inflammatory fats which are bodies need to function properly. Avocado oil contains high levels of oleic acid (omega 9) and moderate levels of linoleic and linolenic acids (omega 6 and omega 3 respectively). Even with a small quantity of omega 3s avocado oil has strong positive effects on the body. Beta-sitosterol is a phytosterol compound but it heaves in the similar way to the good cholesterol and this helps the monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats improve overall health.
There are some side effects reported of avocado oil. When a reaction happens it is in the form of topical inflammation or gastrointestinal distress. If you allergic to avocados it is better to avoid avocado oil because this may lead to side effects. Some people may experience allergic reactions to avocado oil when consumed orally. This may happen in the form of nausea, vomiting, cramps, diarrhoea and many other gastrointestinal problems. When consuming avocado oil for the first time especially as a cooking oil use only a small amount on the body to see how it responds to the potent blend of nutrients and active compounds.
Like any other natural oil avocado oil may cause skin irritation when used topically even if you are not allergic to avocado. To avoid skin rashes, redness and itchiness apply only a small amount to the path of skin and wait for 3 to 4 hours and see whether any negative reaction is happening. Consuming more than the prescribed dosage is dangerous and experts say that consumption of 300mg-600mg of the oil each day is enough to provide therapeutic effects. But it is safer to talk to your doctor before using the oil in order to avoid other serious problems